Our approach to data

At Climatiq, we are dedicated to providing emissions insights our partners and customers can trust.

To meet this commitment, we proudly uphold rigorous standards for our data, emphasizing transparency, accuracy, and quality.


The Climatiq Emissions Factor Database (EFDB) is a repository of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission factors, aiding businesses in converting activities to kg of CO2e.

Our data vetting and ingestion process at a glance:

Source accuracy

Our Science and Data team actively seeks out and integrates new data to align with both customer demands and regulatory standards, focusing on scope 1, 2, and 3 activity- and spend-based datasets, as well as verified and governmental sources.

Before adding new data, the team ensures permissions, reviews the methodology, and addresses uncertainties.

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Quality assurance

We recognize the critical role of third-party verification, not only for our own assurance but also to provide the necessary confidence to our partners and their customers. 

All of our data is compliant with the requirements of the GHG Protocol. As we only use data from trusted sources, the emission factors can be used for reporting under the many local and international regulations that require GHG Protocol compliance, such as CSRD, CBAM, IFRS S2, ESRS, CA SB 253, and SECR, as well as the specific reporting requirements of most countries.

Our team follows a systematic process to standardize all emission factors, ensuring essential metadata is included for both quality control and easy access via our Data Explorer.

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New data and data maintenance

New data undergoes AI-driven outlier detection to ensure quality and relevance, alongside a manual expert review by team members of the Climatiq Science and Data team, including PhD-educated scientists. New datasets are documented in our release notes.

Ongoing maintenance of our Emission Factor Database (EFDB) involves data validation, source updates, metadata adjustments, and archiving outdated data in a timely manner. 

This systematic approach ensures the database remains accurate, reliable, and up-to-date. Our Science and Data team also consults with the Climatiq Scientific Advisory Board to review and update the EFDB.


Year valid

Our "year_valid" logic guides users in selecting the most accurate emission factor for their calculations by indicating the specific year an emission factor is deemed most relevant, as determined by the original data source.

Refresh rate

The refresh rate refers to how frequently we update our underlying data. Climatiq’s EFDB adheres to an ongoing - at least monthly - refresh rate schedule to ensure our data remains current and accurate.

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Data versioning

Our data versioning approach ensures that users can maintain stability in their applications while still having the option to access the most recent and precise data when needed.

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