Emission Factor

Municipal solid waste (market for municipal solid waste)

Emission factor summary

Emissions generated by the activity within the product supply chain as described in ecoinvent v3.10. The product 'municipal solid waste' is a solid waste under the category of residential wastes. It can be sourced in many and various ways and therefore it can belong in all waste categories (commercial and institutional industrial and construction and demolition). It is primarily generated in a wide range of activities from many different sectors. 'municipal solid waste' contain the following fractions: plastics paper glass metals organic waste textiles and potentially others. . By the database default (and per unit of reference product) 'municipal solid waste' has 22.9% water on wet mass basis (77.1% dry matter) and Carbon present is of both fossil (17.15% on a dry matter basis) and non-fossil origin (26.17% on a dry matter basis). It has a lower heating value of 11.74 MJ/kg. This kind of by-product (recyclable or waste) is generated from ordinary transforming activities and as such can be considered for modelling waste outputs of comparable composition. In the ecoinvent database treatment option/s for this by-product include: deposition (sanitary landfill unsanitary landfill) thermal (municipal incineration) uncontrolled forms of disposal (open dump open burning). Based on the aforementioned treatments this by-product receives it is a non-hazardous waste. In addition this by-product is used in the following processes: clinker production; treatment of municipal solid waste incineration. This by-product can be modelled on two levels: treatment activity and market activity. The former one refers to the specific technology treating the by-product while the latter level represents a mix of treatments. Users are encouraged to inspect the modelling assumptions of the treatment activities and when selecting the market to additionally inspect the treatment mix. Collection and transportation of this by-product is accounted in the respective market activity users are advised to inspect and modify the average transportation distances for a case specific modelling. The cut-off classification is Waste. The activity type is market activity. The reference product amount is -1.

NameMunicipal solid waste (market for municipal solid waste)
CategoryWaste Product
Unit Type
Year Released
Emission Factor
  • CO2e0000kg/kg
LCA Activity
Refer to source
Supported CO2e Calculation Method
AR5, AR6

API Reference

Activity ID
Code Snippet
View API Docs

Automate emission calculations with Climatiq

Get started

Related factors

ecoinvent Emission Factors

Explore All

Waste Product Emission Factors

Explore All